Migración de datos con ROBOCOPY…

Copy-icon-256 Ya he hablado de como migrar datos de un server a otro, he comentado la forma de hacerlo por medio de dos herramientas FSMT y Robocopy (más info…).

Ahora en esta dare un script con el cual se puede hacer una copia diferencial de los datos.

La sintaxis correspondiente seria:

ROBOCOPY
”\\ServerOrigen\E$\FILES” “\\dc02MLM\e$\Privados”
/B /S /E /MIR /R:6 /W:10 /V /NP
/LOG+:Rcpy_Diferencial.log

La opción /B permite copiar archivos en modo backup, /R:X hace X cantidad de retries sobre los archivos ante errores, /W:X es el tiempo de espera entre cada retry. Igualmente hay muchas opciones de esta utilidad, aqui les paso todas las opciones de la versión XP010.

Recordemos que si lo queremos ejecutar en un Windows Vista, Windows 7 o Windows Server 2008, debemos ejecutarlo con permisos de administrador. Requiere elevación.

Espero que les sea util. Saludos, Roberto Di’Lello.

——————————————————————————-
ROBOCOPY :: Robust File Copy for Windows :: Version XP010
——————————————————————————-

Started : Mon Mar 19 18:18:07 2007
Usage :: ROBOCOPY source destination [file [file]…] [options]
source :: Source Directory (drive:\path or \\server\share\path).
destination :: Destination Dir (drive:\path or \\server\share\path).|
file :: File(s) to copy (names/wildcards: default is “*.*”).

:: Copy options :
/S :: copy Subdirectories, but not empty ones.
/E :: copy subdirectories, including Empty ones.
/LEV:n :: only copy the top n LEVels of the source directory tree.
/B :: copy files in Backup mode.
/ZB :: use restartable mode; if access denied use Backup mode.
/COPY:copyflag[s] :: what to COPY (default is /COPY:DAT).
(copyflags : D=Data, A=Attributes, T=Timestamps).
(S=Security=NTFS ACLs, O=Owner info, U=aUditing info).
/SEC :: copy files with SECurity (equivalent to /COPY:DATS).
/COPYALL :: COPY ALL file info (equivalent to /COPY:DATSOU).
/NOCOPY :: COPY NO file info (useful with /PURGE).
/PURGE :: delete dest files/dirs that no longer exist in source.
/MIR :: MIRror a directory tree (equivalent to /E plus /PURGE).
/MOV :: MOVe files (delete from source after copying).
/MOVE :: MOVE files AND dirs (delete from source after copying). /A+:[RASHNT] :: add the given Attributes to copied files.
/A-:[RASHNT] :: remove the given Attributes from copied files.
/CREATE :: CREATE directory tree and zero-length files only.
/FAT :: create destination files using 8.3 FAT file names only.
/FFT :: assume FAT File Times (2-second granularity).
/256 :: turn off very long path (> 256 characters) support.
/MON:n :: MONitor source; run again when more than n changes seen.
/MOT:m :: MOnitor source; run again in m minutes Time, if changed.
/RH:hhmm-hhmm :: Run Hours – times when new copies may be started.
/PF :: check run hours on a Per File (not per pass) basis.
/IPG:n :: Inter-Packet Gap (ms), to free bandwidth on slow lines.

:: File Selection Options :
/A :: copy only files with the Archive attribute set.
/M :: copy only files with the Archive attribute and reset it.
/IA:[RASHCNETO] :: Include only files with any of the given Attributes set.
/XA:[RASHCNETO] :: eXclude files with any of the given Attributes set.
/XF file [file]… :: eXclude Files matching given names/paths/wildcards.
/XD dirs [dirs]… :: eXclude Directories matching given names/paths.
/XC :: eXclude Changed files.
/XN :: eXclude Newer files.
/XO :: eXclude Older files.
/XX :: eXclude eXtra files and directories.
/XL :: eXclude Lonely files and directories.
/IS :: Include Same files.
/IT :: Include Tweaked files.
/MAX:n :: MAXimum file size – exclude files bigger than n bytes.
/MIN:n :: MINimum file size – exclude files smaller than n bytes.
/MAXAGE:n :: MAXimum file AGE – exclude files older than n days/date.
/MINAGE:n :: MINimum file AGE – exclude files newer than n days/date.
/MAXLAD:n :: MAXimum Last Access Date – exclude files unused since n.
/MINLAD:n :: MINimum Last Access Date – exclude files used since n.
(If n < 1900 then n = n days, else n = YYYYMMDD date).
/XJ :: eXclude Junction points. (normally included by default).

:: Retry Options :
/R:n :: number of Retries on failed copies: default 1 million.
/W:n :: Wait time between retries: default is 30 seconds.
/REG :: Save /R:n and /W:n in the Registry as default settings.
/TBD :: wait for sharenames To Be Defined (retry error 67).

:: Logging Options :
/L :: List only – don’t copy, timestamp or delete any files.
/X :: report all eXtra files, not just those selected.
/V :: produce Verbose output, showing skipped files.
/TS :: include source file Time Stamps in the output.
/FP :: include Full Pathname of files in the output.
/NS :: No Size – don’t log file sizes.
/NC :: No Class – don’t log file classes.
/NFL :: No File List – don’t log file names.
/NDL :: No Directory List – don’t log directory names.
/NP :: No Progress – don’t display % copied.
/ETA :: show Estimated Time of Arrival of copied files.
/LOG:file :: output status to LOG file (overwrite existing log).
/LOG+:file :: output status to LOG file (append to existing log).
/TEE :: output to console window, as well as the log file.
/NJH :: No Job Header.
/NJS :: No Job Summary.

:: Job Options :
/JOB:jobname :: take parameters from the named JOB file.
/SAVE:jobname :: SAVE parameters to the named job file
/QUIT :: QUIT after processing command line (to view parameters).
/NOSD :: NO Source Directory is specified.
/NODD :: NO Destination Directory is specified.
/IF :: Include the following Files.

Roberto Di Lello

Acerca del autor: Roberto Di Lello

Hola, soy Roberto Di Lello trabajo como Consultor Senior en Infraestructura, especializado en Tecnologias Microsoft con mas de 25 años en la industria. He sido galardonado como MS-MVP en Active Directory-Enterprise Mobility por 10 años, y actualmente soy MVP Windows Insider, ademas de poseer otras certificaciones de Microsoft. He trabajado en distintos projectos que involucran Migraciones, Implementaciones, y soporte de Active Directory y Microsoft Exchange, y en los ultimos años me he desempeñado armando equipos de trabajo para diferentes paises y areas de sistemas, he planificado a distintas migraciones a datacenters (ambiente cloud y mixtos). He tenido la oportunidad de participar como miembro del staff de Microsoft en eventos internacionales como ser TechEd NorteAmerica y MS Ignite (NA) al ser Trainer Certificado por Microsoft (MCT).

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7 Comments

  1. A ti por responder roberto. Yo lo uso todos los dias para hacer mirror de mis carpetas como parte de mi estrategia de backup. En linux existe rsync que es lo mismo pero con capacidad de copiar solo deltas.

    Para los que no les gusta la linea de comandos aqui interfaz grafica para Robocopy http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/2006.11.utilityspotlight.aspx

    Y aqui una alternativa de Microsoft a Robocopy, Richcopy.. http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/2009.04.utilityspotlight.aspx?pr=blog con capacidades de hacer copias en Multithread.
    (Ojo en Windows 7 robocopy ya deja hacer multi thread con el switch /MT).

    Un saludo,
    Ricardo Polo

  2. Great website. Lots of useful information here. I am sending it to some friends ans also sharing in
    delicious. And obviously, thanks on your sweat!

  3. Good info. Lucky me I ran across your site by chance
    (stumbleupon). I have book marked it for later!

  4. rondibble, excuse my delay in answering but just went out on vacation and my return was somewhat complicated with the times.

    I take this opportunity to thank you for participating in the blog and help keep it growing! I ask you to spread it with your friends and colleagues so we can reach more people.

    I tell you that there is much material in it. I invite you to see the labs, videos, tutorials, whitepapper. If you want to search for a topic or need help, you have the HELP tab where I explain a bit how to do it, but you have the google search; and the translator for other languages.

    Thanks in advance!

  5. Von, excuse my delay in answering but just went out on vacation and my return was somewhat complicated with the times.

    As i said before, I tell you that there is much material in it. I invite you to see the labs, videos, tutorials, whitepapper. If you want to search for a topic or need help, you have the HELP tab where I explain a bit how to do it, but you have the google search; and the translator for other languages.

    Thanks in advance!

Comments are closed.